The Difference between Curriculum Vitae (CV) and Resume

The Difference between Curriculum Vitae (CV) and Resume

As you read through job postings, you may have noticed that some employers request a resume, others ask for a curriculum vitae is commonly known as a "CV", and some a "resume / CV". While resumes and CVs are used in job applications (and some employers may use the terms interchangeably), there are some distinct differences between these two documents.

The Difference between Curriculum Vitae (CV) and Resume

In Ethiopia, employers in certain industries may require a CV as part of your job application instead of a resume such as academia, education, science, and research. A CV is typically longer than a traditional resume and includes additional sections such as research and publications, presentations, professional associations, and more. CVs are commonly two or more pages while resumes are typically only one page in length.

What is the difference between a résumé and a CV? when to use a résumé, and when is it better to use a curriculum vitae? In this article, we'll discuss the differences between a resume and a curriculum vitae, what should be included in each, and when to use one versus the other. This will ensure that you have the right document prepared for your applications.

The main difference between CV and Resume:

The main differences between a resume and a curriculum vitae (CV) are length, content, and intended use. Although both are used in job applications, the résumé and CV are not always interchangeable.

A resume and a CV are personal marketing documents intended to showcase the candidate’s skills, notable achievements, and work experience to the greatest advantage.

Since a resume only includes your skills and qualifications for one specific position, it should generally only be one or two pages long. A CV won’t have a length limit and is much longer than most resumes because it includes more information and more detailed descriptions of coursework, research, publications, or presentations.

CVs are primarily used to apply for academic positions or programs, scholarships, grants, and research or apprenticeship positions. You can submit a curriculum vitae if you are currently applying for a master’s or doctoral degree or if you have completed a doctoral degree or if you are a professor or researcher at a scientific institution. Resumes are used when applying for jobs in the public or private sector, which, unlike academia, are often referred to as "industry positions".

In Ethiopia, most companies ask for a CV rather than a resume, but the terms CV and resume are often used interchangeably.

What Is a Curriculum Vitae? 

CV or curriculum vitae is a Latin word that means "course of life". The curriculum vitae (CV) gives an overview of your experience and skills. In general, the CV is a detailed and comprehensive document that describes the history of your academic and professional performance. It's usually formatted in chronological order and starts with your educational experience. While a CV is not tied to length, most are three to ten pages long, and some can be even longer. Generally, the more experience you have, the longer your CV will be.

What Is a Curriculum Vitae?

Generally, CV is a comprehensive, in-depth document presenting your relevant academic and professional achievements that are often used when applying for teaching or research positions.

What to include on a Curriculum Vitae or CV?

Your curriculum vitae should include your name, contact information, education, skills, and experience.

In addition to the basics, a CV also includes professional references, courses, fieldwork, dissertation descriptions, and a personal profile with your relevant skills and characteristics, publications, grants and grants, professional associations and licenses, awards, and others Information is relevant to the position you are applying for.

What Is a Resume? 

Resumes are the most common document requested of applicants in job applications. A resume should be as concise as possible. Typically, a resume is one page long, although sometimes it can be as long as two pages.

What Is a Resume?


A resume is a document that summarizes your career history, skills, and education. The term originates from the French word résumé, which translates to “abstract” or “summary.” Resumes often include bulleted lists to keep information concise.

In short, the resume is a concise, curated summary of your professional achievements most relevant to the industry to which you are applying. Depending on professional experience and position, descriptions of scientific and personal projects or voluntary activities may also be included.

What to include on a resume?

A resume usually includes a professional statement or "summary", a dedicated section on skills, and a condensed description of your recent and relevant professional achievements, listed in reverse chronological order, starting with your current position.

You can also share your educational experience, relevant professional associations you belong to, or volunteer. If you have little or no work experience, you can list relevant internships, apprenticeships, volunteer work, or personal projects.

Conclusion on CV and Resume difference

Whether you're writing a resume or a CV, there are some useful rules that you need to follow. It is important to show the hiring manager how you qualify for the position, what you have to offer the organization, and why you would be a great candidate for an interview.

If you are applying for a position in academia, particularly as a teacher, teaching assistant, or researcher at a college or university, you will likely need a CV. Some colleges have guidelines on the CV, so be careful. Be sure to check the school's website or ask a recruiter or hiring manager for this information before applying.

Whenever you apply for a position, always adapt your resume or CV to the position. This is most important when writing a resume, but it is also true of a CV too. Make sure to highlight your education, work experience, and skills when it comes to the specific industry or job.
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