As you read through job postings, you may have noticed that some employers request a resume, others ask for a curriculum vitae, commonly known as a “CV”, and some a “resume / CV”.
CVs and resumes aren’t the same thing, even though they’re both used in job applications (and some employers may use them interchangeably).
In Ethiopia, employers in certain industries may require a CV as part of your job application instead of a resume such as academia, education, science, and research. A CV is typically longer than a traditional resume and includes additional sections such as research and publications, presentations, professional associations, and more. CVs are usually two pages long, while resumes are normally one page in length.
What is the difference between a résumé and a CV? When to use a résumé, and when is it better to use a curriculum vitae?
The purpose of this article is to explain the differences between a resume and a curriculum vitae, who should include which information in each, and when each should be written. Having the right documents in your application will make it easier.
The main difference between CV and Resume:
A resume and a CV are personal marketing documents intended to showcase the candidate’s skills, notable achievements, and work experience to the greatest advantage.
Since a resume only includes your skills and qualifications for one specific position, it should generally only be one or two pages long. A CV won’t have a length limit and is much longer than most resumes because it includes more information and more detailed descriptions of coursework, research, publications, or presentations.
When applying for academic positions or programs, scholarships, grants, apprenticeships, or research positions, you’ll need a CV. You may submit a curriculum vitae if you are currently seeking a master’s or doctoral degree.
In addition, if you have completed a doctoral degree or if you are a professor or researcher at a scientific institution. Resumes are used when applying for jobs in the public or private sector, which, unlike academia, are often referred to as “industry positions”.
In Ethiopia, most companies ask for a CV rather than a resume, but the terms CV and resume are often used interchangeably.
What Is a Curriculum Vitae?
Most resumes are chronological in format and begin with an overview of your educational background. There is no limit to the number of pages in a CV, but most are between three and ten pages, but some can be as long as twelve or thirteen pages. Generally, the more experience you have, the longer your CV will be.
CVs are generally comprehensive, in-depth documents that showcase your relevant academic and professional achievements and are often used when applying for teaching or research positions.
What to include on a Curriculum Vitae or CV?
Your curriculum vitae should include your name, contact information, education, skills, and experience.
In addition to the basics, a CV also includes professional references, courses, fieldwork, dissertation descriptions, and a personal profile with your relevant skills and characteristics. Also included are publications, grants, professional associations, licenses, and any other information you provide about yourself that is relevant to the position you are applying for.
What Is a Resume?
A resume is the most commonly requested document by job applicants. A resume should be as concise as possible. Typically, a resume is one page long, although sometimes it can be as long as two pages.
A resume is a document that summarizes your career history, skills, and education. The term originates from the French word résumé, which translates to “abstract” or “summary.” Resumes often include bulleted lists to keep information concise.
In short, the resume is a concise, curated summary of your professional achievements most relevant to the industry to which you are applying.
The description of scientific and personal projects or voluntary activities may also be included depending on the professional experience and position.
What to include on a resume?
A resume usually includes a professional statement or “summary”, a dedicated section on skills, and a condensed description of your recent and relevant professional achievements, listed in reverse chronological order, starting with your current position.
You can also share your educational experience, membership in relevant professional associations, or volunteering experience. If you have scant or no work experience, you can list relevant internships, apprenticeships, volunteer work, or personal projects.
Conclusion on CV and Resume difference
Whether you’re writing a resume or a CV, there are some useful rules that you need to follow. It is imperative to show the hiring manager how you qualify for the position. This is to show what you have to offer the organization, and why you would be a qualified candidate for an interview.
If you are applying for a position in academia, particularly as a teacher, teaching assistant, or researcher at a college or university, you will likely need a CV. Some colleges have guidelines on the CV, so be careful. Be sure to check the school’s website or ask a recruiter or hiring manager for this information before applying.
Whenever you apply for a position, always adapt your resume or CV to the position. This is most critical when writing a resume, but it is also true of a CV too. Make sure to highlight your education, work experience, and skills when it comes to the specific industry or job.